The first human settlements in Barcelona are believed to date back to the Neolithic period, with ruins of early settlers excavated in the El Raval neighbourhood dating more than 5000 years ago. As a city, Barcelona was founded by the Romans around the end of the 1st century BC, with the original name of Barcino. Due to its strategic position between the Mediterranean Sea and the Collserola mountain ridge, Barcelona has always been a city of great importance since its inception through to present day.
Ciutat Vella, meaning Old Town in English, was Barcelona’s first district that emerged from a walled precinct that surrounded the ancient city. Due to being the oldest part of the city, it is generally considered as the city’s centre and remains a popular choice for both residents and tourists alike. Despite being the oldest district, it is one of the liveliest and most diverse areas
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