For 5,000 years, Saqqara, the magnificent necropolis and pyramid field of Memphis, Egypt‘s ancient capital, has been an important historical site. The modest square tombs (mastabas) of the rulers of the first and second dynasties can be found in this huge area about 20 miles south of Cairo. Djoser, the first king of the third dynasty, commissioned his vizier and chief architect to construct the first monument in ancient Egypt made entirely of stone. The result is the iconic Saqqara step pyramid and its surrounding funeral complex, which was encircled by a massive wall, most likely modeled after the one that ringed Memphis itself.
At Saqqara, sixteen more Egyptian monarchs constructed pyramids, which are currently in various degrees of preservation. Throughout the Pharaonic
Keep reading this article on A Luxury Travel Blog.